What are cannabinoids?
Cannabinoids are organic compounds, naturally found in the hemp plant, that affect our nervous and immune systems by interacting with your Endocannabinoid System (ECS) via the CB1 and CB2 receptors. They play key roles in providing the beneficial properties you can find in hemp.
It has become clear that CBD is in fact one of over a hundred cannabinoids found naturally in the hemp plant, and following the legalization of industrial hemp cultivation via the 2018 Farm Bill, demand for CBD has skyrocketed.
Here is an overview of 3 lesser-known, but up-and-coming cannabinoids and the potential benefits that they may offer:
Cannabigerol essentially acts as a grandparent to CBD, THC and CBC (Cannabichromene), as it is the precursor to their parent acids. It can bind to both CB1 and CB2 receptors, providing a potentially wide array of medical benefits. CBG is thought to increase production of anandamide in the body, which is linked to regulation of sleep, mood and appetite. It may also reduce intraocular pressure, suggesting the potential for treating glaucoma. Even more, this substance may increase GABA intake and stimulate serotonin receptors , suggesting possible relief for stress-induced anxiety.
A lesser-known cousin of CBD, cannabichromene shares its origin with the both CBD and THC, as it is derived from cannabigerolic acid (CBGA). Some investigation has led researchers to believe it requires CBD and THC to function.
Cannabichromene has great potential in the alternative medicine field. Namely, it interacts with our endocannabinoid system which aids in regulating a myriad of other body systems.
One of the few psychoactive cannabinoids, CBN can invoke a mild high when introduced to your body. It shares the same parent acid as the well-known THC: “THC-a” and exhibits interaction with both CB1 and CB2 receptors. It is believed that cannabinol is a potent sedative, so you may want to proceed with caution.
Some side effects have been linked to the intake of CBN such as fatigue, drowsiness, and loss of appetite. It is always important to remain aware of adverse effects if you ever decide to take a ride with this cannabinoid.
Note: All cannabinoids are made from precursor acids, which require heat or light to be “activated,” a process also known as decarboxylation. For example, THC is activated by heating the flower which in turn heats THCA, producing THC.